Izmir (Smyrna-Samornia) was founded by the Lelege in 3000 BC in the area of Tepekule. The word Izmir is attributed to an Amazon queen. Izmir, under the influence of the Hittite Kingdom which lived between 2000-1200 BC, was the final result of the collapse of the Hittite State with the Phrygian influxes of 1200 BC, and finally passed into the hands of the Romans in 133 BC. In 88 BC, Pontifical King Mihridades captured this city. By separating the Roman Empire into two, İzmir, which was the center of the Byzantines, was invaded by Atilla of the Hun ruler in 440 AD. A.D. From 695 onwards, he was exposed twice by the Arabs, then again by the Byzantines. In 1081, the city was conquered by the Seljuks. The Byzantines, who benefited from the advance of the Crusaders in Anatolia in 1097, occupied all the places in the Aegean, including Izmir. After these dates, İzmir, which became an Ottoman State administration, remained under the Ottoman administration for nearly 500 years. After being occupied by the Greeks on May 15, 1919, after the Turkish Liberation War, the city was rescued from the Greek occupation on September 9, 1922, and after the declaration of the Republic, the province was reinstated.


Balçova-Agamemnon, Çeşme-Şifne, Bergama-Beauty, Menemen, Seferihisar, Bayındır, Phokaia, Larisa, Erythrai, Klazomenai, Teos, Lebedos, Kolophon, Claros, Notion and Ephesus , Cesme and Selçuk monuments, Belevi Tumulus and Tomb Monument, Pergamon, Ödemiş and Tire Ulu Camii. You can also visit Kızlarağası Bazaar which is located in Kemeraltı Market. The other highlights of this city are İzmir Clock Tower, İzmir Archeology Museum, İzmir Painting and Sculpture Centre, İzmir Atatürk House, Ephesus Archeology Museum, Bergama and Tire Museums, Yamanlar-Karagöl, Tunay, Uzunkuyu, Belkah and Çamlık locations. There are 7 synagogues in Kemeralti Market. One of those synagogues is the house of Sebatay Sevi. This house has not been restored yet.