The history of Mardin dates back 3000 years. The Mardin region has remained outside the borders of the Hittite Empire, which established the first political union in Anatolia. During the time of the Hittites, this region was under the administration of the Hurrian Mitanni Kingdom. In 1507, the Safavids in Iran took over Mardin. Yavuz Sultan Selim Khan, with 1517 Çaldıran Victory, Safavids were expelled from Anatolia. Bıyıklı Mehmed Pasha conquered Mardin and tied it to the Ottoman Empire. In the War of Independence, the people of Mardin struggled with no army, but in unity they scared the enemy. Mardin also fought heroically against the enemy. Normans also wanted Mardin to surrender. This heroic movement of the Mardin people saved both Mardin and Diyarbakir from the French occupation. In the Republican era, Mardin became a provincial center in 1923.


Mardin museum, Necmeddîn Mosque, Abdüllatif Mosque, Hâtuniye Madrasah, Zinciriye Madrassa, Dara ruins, Deyrulumur monastery, Mardin Castle, Dara Castle, Ulu Mosque in the center, Meryemana Church and Patriarchate, Mor Yusuf Church (Surp Hovsep) Deyruülzzafaran monastery (Mor Hananya), Deyrulumur monastery (Purple Gabriel), Mor Yakup monastery (Nusaybin), Midyat Meryemana monastery and Purple Dimet monastery.